Top 10 interesting facts about Nepal, Nepal is a country whose ancestral beliefs have not been easily affected by civilization and modernity.
The main attraction for all the tourists is Nepal’s ancient religion, vast nature, gigantic Himalayas, which actually contribute towards its tradition.
So here we share Top 10 interesting facts about Nepal
- Petite country among giants.
Located right in the lap of the Himalayas, Nepal is basically a landlocked country because of its relationship with India and China. In comparison to its neighbors, Nepal is a small country; however, the huge diversity of territory, culture, religion makes it a world within itself.
Having a huge part of the Himalayas located inside Nepal’s territory, Nepal has 8 out of 10 world’s highest mountains which are called Eight-Thousanders, they are called so because they have a land elevation higher than 8000meters among which Mt Everest is the tallest with a land elevation 0f 8848meters from the sea level.
- Mount Everest – 8848 meters
- Kanchenjunga – 8586 meters
- Lhotse – 8516 meters
- Makalu – 8481 meters
- Cho Oyu – 8201 meters
- Dhaulagiri I – 8167 meters
- Manaslu – 8156 meters
- Annapurna I – 8091 meters
- The second deepest canyon in the world
Usually, Nepal is known for its elevated territory, but what most people don’t know is Nepal has the world’s second deepest canyon, Kali Gandaki canyon which is 4,375 meters deep. Formed by the Kali Gandaki River, this canyon is located between two of the largest summits on the planet, Annapurna and Dhaulagiri.
- The original name of Mount Everest
Nepal is best known as the country of Mount Everest, but what people don’t know is the name Mt Everest was given by westerners. This name was given after its discovery by the Royal Geographical Society. But the locals of China and Nepal each have a different name for this giant mountain, the Chinese locals call it Qomolangma, which translates to “The Mother’s Universe”. The Nepalese call it Sagarmatha which means “Heaven’s Forehead”.
- A lake that changed into a bustling capital
Nepal’s mythological and geological studies have confirmed that Kathmandu valley was once a lake.
It is believed that Manjushree flew in and upon seeing a huge lake, he cut Chobar’s crest with is the sword, which resulted in the draining of water and what remained was a deep valley.
What scientists believe is in contrast with the mythology, the scientists believe that the water drained not At one time but in phases through 1500 years.
- In the land of Buddha, Hinduism is the most important religion
It is a well-known fact that Siddhartha Gautam later famously known as Lord Buddha was born in a village named Lumbini, which is in Nepal, but the lesser-known fact is in the land of Buddha, 81.3% of people follow Hinduism, 9.0% follow Buddhism, 4.4% are Muslim and 3.0% follow indigenous religion, 1.4% are Christians and the rest follow other religions according to the Census of 2011 BS
- Home to a lot of endangered animals.
Chitwan National Park is one of the last conservation area providing safe haven to a lot of animals which are slowly disappearing from the face of the earth.
The largest no of Asian one-horned rhinos is slowly increasing in number because of the protection provided here and the dense forest here is one of the last hunting grounds for the critically endangered Bengal tigers.
These are just some examples of the animals that have found a safe haven here.
- Pygmy Hog
- Red-Crowned Roofed Turtle
- Asian Elephant
- Himalayan Musk Deer
- Red Panda
- Snow Leopard
- Bengal Tiger
- Asian Water Buffalo
- Clouded Leopard
- Indian Rhinoceros
- Greatest Concentration of UNESCO recognized heritage.
Nepal has four places that are recognized by UNESCO as world heritage sites, having a small territory with 4 world heritage sites makes Nepal one of the most concentrated sites of world heritage.
On top of that Kathmandu valley alone has seven sets of monuments and buildings which are recognized by UNESCO as heritage sites, these seven buildings and monuments represent all Nepalese historic and artistic works.
- A whole different regiment in The British Army
The brave and fierce men originally from the village of Gorkha, have served in a special unit in the armed forces of the United Kingdom and India. Having met the British East India Company twice, fighting the Anglo-Gurkha war, the Gurkha rebellion, and the defeat in Makwanpur, the British were impressed by the bravery and ferocity of these men, so with the permission of the prime minister Shree teen maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana, these men were recruited as mercenaries within the army of The British East India Company.
The Gurkhas are famous for their weapon, khukuri which was famously used in the Anglo-Gurkha war, as well as in the first and second world wars.
Nepalese calendar or Bikram Sambat uses the elements of both the lunar calendar and solar calendar unlike the Gregorian calendar used in the west.
The first date of the year may be different, but it always begins in the early days of April according to the Gregorian calendar. Because of the lunar month having 29 to 30 days according to the moon movement, each year has 354 days and an intercalary month every three years.
So the Gregorian year 2020 is equivalent to Bikram Sambat 2077. Although Bikram Sambat is the official calendar, there are a lot of ethnic groups who have and prefer to use their own calendar.
These are some of the interesting facts about Nepal which may or may not have been a bit of mystery for the rest of the world as they know us.
There is still a lot about Nepal that stays undiscovered for a lot of people out there, may it be in terms of religion, ethnicity, geology.
Nepal truly is a country of wonders; you might think that you have understood Nepal, and suddenly you find yourself in a condition where you are totally unfamiliar with the situation and you feel that there is still a lot to learn about this Heavenly country.
Please do share these articles because many people still do not know about Nepal.